The economy of the Biosphere roughly divides the region into three districts, with a focus on ecotourism and agriculture around Hoedspruit, mining around Phalaborwa, and forestry and more traditional mass tourism-
Tourism revenues derived from the region have increased exponentially since the end of the Apartheid era (1994), having already exceeded those of agriculture; they are expected to surpass mining income within the next twenty years. As a destination for visitors, the region is fed from one side by the Kruger National Park, and the other from the “Panoramic Route”. This links Pilgrims Rest and Graskop with the natural splendour of Blyde River Canyon’s Three Rondavels, God’s Window and Bourke’s Luck Potholes. Visitors then cross the Dipadeng mountain pass and drop down from the Drakensberg escarpment into the Valley of the Olifants, and on to the savannah plains of the safari region of the Central Lowveld.