History in the Kruger to Canyons Region is diverse and very colourful from early evidence of Stone Age people from around 1.5 million to 9 000 years ago, through to more modern historical sequences such as the political development of South Africa.
Records indicate that the San were the first inhabitants of this area, however, they seemed to have been killed off by the early Black immigrants that moved down here from the North. This seems to line up with the early Iron Age People (AD 200 -
The first Europeans arrived into the area around 1838, with a second group arriving in 1844. Neither was able to settle permanently as a result of the losses sustained from sleeping sickness and the tstetse fly. Many of the initial European settlers, as with their native counterparts, settled in the higher lying regions and moved down into the lowveld to hunt game for trade and for the pot.
As more and more settlers moved to the region, there were greater pressures inflicted on the wildlife population. It was only in 1891 that any kind of hunting legislation was introduced and finally in 1898, the Sabie Game Reserve -
Policy, focus and strategy of conservation has changed greatly over the years, yet Kruger National Park still remains one of the leaders in the industry and has been able to establish a great deal of data and historical records on conservation attempts implemented that are able to guide and assist more advanced and informed decisions made today.