Three quarters of the way through 2023 and this quarter was all about learning and knowledge exchanges! The K2C & partners hosted our first Science for Society Symposium, we hosted the Lubombo Biosphere from Eswatini, facilitated community tourism learning exchanges, joined an immersive conservation experiences for local indunas, learned about indigenous knowledge in celebration of Indigenous People’s Day and hosted a CRIDA climate change workshop for the community members of Phiring. Learning and knowledge sharing is key for growth and development and forms a key function of the biosphere reserve.

“Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn.” – Benjamin Franklin

Other exciting achievements this quarter include the launch of the Phiring community homestay offering and being selected by Green Destinations as one of the 2023 top 100 Stories!

Take a look in detail below.

The K2C Team

Phiring Homestay Launch

By Cindy Koen

On the 9th of September the Phiring community, in association with TAHSA-SA, BaDinkwanyane Tourism, and K2C Biosphere launched their homestay accommodation service.

This is a wonderful complimentary service to the BaDinkwanyane Tourism’s service offerings, allowing guests to not only experience the beauty and splendor of the tourism sites, but also get to experience a day in the life of the community members.

TAHSA-SA proudly handed over certificates to all the graduated homestay moms and guides who successfully completed their training program.

Homestay moms celebrating the launch of the BaDinkwanyane community homestays.

The homestay moms and guides are now ready for guests and are very excited to welcome their first guests one of these days.

A big thank you also must go out to the Limpopo Tourism Agency, LEDET, and Fetakgomo Local Municipality who supported and attended the event.

Remember to include them in your itinerary with your next visit!


SA MAB Youth Communication Toolkit Workshop

~Lethabo Rasakanya, Pro Nature-economic development Coordinator, Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region

‘’Change Drivers Today, Leaders Tomorrow’’

The Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region team, through the UNESCO MAB Youth Network, participated in an incredible SA MAB Youth Communication Toolkit Workshop held from the 26th to the 28th of September 2023, at the Nylsvley Nature Reserve. Facilitated by Elna van Niekerk and Belinda Cooper from the Magalieberg Biosphere Reserve. The workshop brought together youth participants from the Vhembe, Waterberg, Magaliesberg, and Groot Marico Biosphere Reserves. The workshop’s primary goal was to empower these youth to become advocates and champions of sustainable development within their respective biospheres by using the communication toolkit.

Youth representatives from the five participating biosphere reserves.

The communication toolkit provides an in-depth understanding of the South African UNESCO MAB networks, showcasing their unique characteristics in terms of rich biodiversity and ecological significance. It explores the delicate balance between the environment and human activities, highlighting the importance of recognizing and meeting human needs while conserving natural resources. The tool also sheds light on the pressing environmental challenges faced by biospheres in South Africa, underlining the need for sustainable solutions. It introduces the concept of sustainability through the three interconnected spheres of the environment, society, and economy.

The toolkit also provides a comprehensive overview of biosphere regions, exploring their historical background, function, and zonation; illustrating how biospheres serve as living hubs for harmonious coexistence between humanity and nature. Furthermore, it clarifies the misconceptions about biospheres and highlights their unique purpose. Youth inclusion and the significance of engaging the younger generation in conservation efforts is also emphasised. Lastly, it shares the green opportunities in biospheres, presenting sustainable and responsible practices for biodiversity conservation, water use, and waste management.

Youth representatives engaging in storytelling

Following these sessions, participants engaged in discussions concerning the communication plan. They shared their ongoing efforts and engagements within local communities, diligently raising awareness about sustainable development and biodiversity conservation. Some of the activities mentioned were citizen science work, indigenous knowledge data collection, environmental monitoring, agroecology practices, waste management practices, tourism, bush clearing, career and skills development programs, entrepreneurship initiatives, and education for sustainable development.

During the workshop, Vusi Tshabalala, the Chairperson of the SA MAB Youth Network, emphasized youth involvement in driving change for sustainability. Koketso Seraki, Coordinator of  ‘Drama for Change’, shared the impact of storytelling through drama. Through effective communication and engagement with local communities, the five biospheres aspire to share valuable insights and stories that contribute to the holistic empowerment of their communities. This empowerment, in turn, will foster a strong sense of ownership and responsibility for the protection of their natural resources.

In conclusion, as participants embarked on a site visit to explore the beautiful scenery of the Vogelfontein Wetland, the SA MAB Youth Communication Toolkit workshop served as a catalyst for youth empowerment. We acknowledge the participation of all five biospheres.

FUNDERS/PARTNERS: Pro Nature Economic development project, AFRIMAB, UNESCO MAB YOUTH NETWORK, UNESCO ROSA, UNESCO MAB programme, Drama for change.

Mainstreaming Climate Risk-based Decision Analysis (CRIDA) for Community Resilience: A Workshop for Phiring Village, K2C

By Phomelelo Malatji, Assistant Data Capturer

The Climate Risk-based Decision Analysis (CRIDA) framework offers a holistic approach to assessing climate risks, formulating adaptation strategies, and fortifying community resilience. However, its successful implementation hinges on localized understanding, community engagement, and ownership. Under the UNESCO Be-Resilient Project, a one-day CRIDA workshop was held on the 28th of September in the Phiring village facilitated by the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere.

The workshop seeked to translate the CRIDA framework into a language and context comprehensible to members of Phiring Village and demystify the intricacies of climate risk-based decision analysis. By using simple language and relatable examples, our goal was to make participants keenly aware of how climate risks influence their daily lives. This workshop looked at local climate risk and water resource management issues, explored potential adaptation measures and emphasized the importance of sustainable adaptation strategies.

Community members in Phiring Village participating in the CRIDA workshop.

Representatives from various stakeholder groups including Phiring Irrigation Scheme, Rangeland management, Ba-Dinkwanyana Tourism Association, Thorometjane Primary School, and various savings groups were among the participants. Groups were given a chance to do vulnerability assessments using a provided map. The engagement activity fostered a brainstorming session where the groups identified where they would be more vulnerable and discuss potential adaptation measures that are deeply rooted in the local context. This collaborative approach instilled a sense of ownership and enhanced the feasibility of implementation. Participants understood the significance of ecosystem-based adaptation strategies as effective and sustainable solutions to climate risks and discovered how harnessing the region’s natural resources can significantly reduce vulnerability and bolster resilience.

Community members discussing climate vulnerability and mitigation measures in relation to a map of their village.

The workshop marked a significant step towards harnessing the power of bottom-up approaches in decision-making in a community to enhance knowledge and understanding of climate change adaptation measures. The active involvement of community stakeholders showed that adaptation strategies were grounded in the local context and reflected the needs and aspirations of the communities. The workshop yielded a list of potential ecosystem-based adaptation measures such as alien plant clearing, sustainable rangeland management, and cover cropping that are already being implemented in the village.


This work is funded by UNESCO and the Government of Flanders


An Immersive Camp Experience for Indunas

By Vusi Tshabalala

The Kruger 2 Canyons Biosphere, supported by WWF-Khetha and funded by USAID, have been implementing a Human-Wildlife Conflict (HWC) mitigation project for the past two years through data collection, incident reports, workshops, research, community engagements and capacity building. Five HWC hotspot areas in the region were identified namely: Phalaubeni, Finale, Welverdiend, Utah & Dixie. Through continuous engagement and relationship building with the communities the Indunas and their stakeholders have shown commitment to find solutions to living in harmony with nature.

Indunas from the five villages supported through the project

We were reminded by the community leadership that in many cases when organisations want to implement projects we only go to them to ask for permission and updates but leave them out when capacitating people. On the 11th – 14th July 2023 Elephants Alive together with Koru Camp and K2C hosted the indunas from the five communities to experience what the grannies do when they engage in the Elephant Alive’s Ndlovu Gogo programme in the form of game drives, understanding elephant behaviour, identification, monitoring, collaring, sharing of perceptions and desired actions going forward. The camp was very successful and enjoyed both by participants and hosts. One of the indunas said “now we know, we can support and even advocate the work that you do with understanding while providing inputs and guidance to the process”.

This is the first of many camps and capacity building workshops the K2C and partners will be hosting going forward with community leaders and traditional authorities.

FUNDERS/PARTNERS: WWF-SA, USAID Southern Africa, Koru Camp, Elephants Alive


Celebrating Indigenous People’s Day

~ Dimakatso Nonyane, Restoration Project Manager (AFR100)

The Kruger to Canyons Biosphere celebrated Indigenous People’s Day on the 6th of September 2023 with an event at the Rhino Convention Centre with special guests, the local indigenous people themselves.

Indigenous communities possess invaluable traditional knowledge, cultural practices, and a deep connection to their lands. Most of this knowledge however is unknown to the youth who may need such information to help adapt to the changing environment in the future.

As we celebrate the theme “Indigenous Youth as Agents of Change for Self-Determination” in the year 2023 this really highlighted the importance of the work done by the youth who have been actively involved in the K2C Be- Resilient Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) data collection project for climate risk adaptation.

Attendees of the Indigenous People’s Day celebration on 6 September.

Young individuals play a crucial role in preserving their heritage and leading efforts towards self-determination and climate resilience. This celebration presented a unique opportunity to showcase the resilience and contributions of indigenous communities, with the presence of our Traditional Authorities and participants who shared their indigenous knowledge, was the highlight of the day.

Acknowledgements to UNESCO for making this event possible; DFFE for giving feedback on the white paper; SANParks for the donation of Pepper bark trees and to everyone who made the event a success.


First Science for Society Symposium

~ By Romy Antrobus-Wuth, Conservation Science & Data Manager

On the 4th August 2023, WITS University, the South African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON), and the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region NPC (K2C)  hosted the first “Science for Society Symposium” in the K2C landscape. The event was held in celebration of National Science Week and was a platform for researchers and NGOs conducting work in the communities and communal lands within the region to share their work and findings. The aim of the day was to make research being conducted in the region more accessible to ALL stakeholders in the landsacpe. Presentations were therefore limited to 5 minutes each, allowing for only key concepts and findings to be shared.

The Science for Society was hosted at Wits Rural Campus

More than 20 presentations were given by representatives from 11 organizations or research institutions across the K2C landscape. This gave fascinating insight into the variety of work being conducted and potential opportunities for collaboration. Presentations spanned the following themes:

  • Conservation and local communities
  • Ecosystem condition, use, and management
  • Livelihoods, health, and well-being
  • Climate change impacts and adaptation
  • Water, waste and catchment management

Stakeholders attending the first Science for Society (S4S) Symposium.


The event was filmed and streamed live by and can be viewed at this link for anyone who is interested

The day was a great success and has received positive feedback, despite the challenge of keeping presentations to 5 minutes. The team therefore hopes to build on this and work at making this an annual event where researchers and organisations can share their research findings in an accessible way with the broader community.

We look forward to seeing even more stakeholders & organizations next year!

FUNDERS/PARTNERS: Wits University, SAEON, Conservation South Africa, Painteddog.Tv

Cover Crop Program as an Adaptive Measure to Climate Change

~ Dumisa Khoza, Site coordinator, DWS project.

The climate crisis and other social reasons have led many people to move away from agriculture to seek livelihoods elsewhere, thus leaving their croplands abandoned. Over time these abandoned croplands lose vegetation cover, leaving the soil bear and resulting in the loss of carbon as well as other environmental problems such as soil erosion. The Dinkwanyane Water Smart project introduces the Cover Crop Demonstration Program which aims to encourage farmers to utilize their abandoned croplands to cultivate cover crops that act as supplementary feed for livestock during the dry season. This ultimately resuls in better market values for their livestock which are in better condition. The cultivation of  lucerne and other grassy plants that contain good nutritients that livestock need to flourish is through a natural process where the livestock is used to prepare the soil. Overnight kraaling is conducted to allow hoof action to loosen the soil and put nutrients back to the soil through waste excretion. The Ecosystem Custodians (ECs) are leading the showcase and their success sparks curiosity to the greater community. We are proud to showcase this learning site to the greater Kruger to Canyons Landscape.

Cattle grazing on cover crops on an old abandoned field.

FUNDERS/PARTNERS: Conservation South Africa, Hoedspruit Hub, Government of Flanders.

Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region selected as one of the 2023 Green Destinations Top 100 Stories

– By Tom Vorster

Green Destinations is a global organisation that supports sustainable destinations, their businesses and their communities.

Destinations signing up for the Green Destinations Certification Awards & GSTC Certification programs engage in a sustainability management cycle aimed at continuous improvement through periodic assessment and independent verification. Also, destinations participating in the Top 100 Stories Competition vest the opportunity to avail global recognition for their responsible tourism leadership practices.

Earlier this year Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region applied to participate in the Green Destinations Top 100 Stories competition and selected the Ba-Dinkwanyane project at Phiring as the subject of their story.

On Monday 9th October, at the Green Destinations 2023 Conference being held in Tallinn, Estonia it was announced that the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region submission was selected as one of the Top 100 Stories!

The Green Destinations Top 100 Stories competition has been run annually since 2014, celebrating and promoting 100 destinations as inspiring examples for other destinations, tour operators and visitors.

The competition selects from an open call for applications, 100 stories that stand out in terms of effectiveness, innovation, inspiration and transferability. The best stories in the Top 100 list are nominated for the Green Destinations Story Awards, celebrated at ITB Berlin in 2024.

K2C Catchment Investment Programme Update

– By Nicholas Theron, Senior Manager

It has been a busy few months since the launch of the K2C Catchment Investment Programme (CIP). With the feasibility and business case completed we are now moving into a phase of further designing the CIP and developing a detailed implementation plan. We are also engaging with several funders and some innovative ideas are being explored around financing the first 5-year, high impact phase of the programme. This initial funding will enable the CIP to demonstrate its impact, and secure the financing required to sustain that impact over the lifetime of the programme. In the coming months several workshops and engagements are planned and we aim to have an implementation plan completed by the end of the year and a funding strategy in place. This will help further guide the next steps in this process which aims to implement nature-based solutions that include alien plant clearing and sustainable rangeland management across the Blyde Catchment. The K2C CIP is an ambitious initiative that would not be possible without the inputs and support of several key partners.

The Blyderevierspoort Dam.

FUNDERS/PARTNERS: The Nature Conservancy, Conservation South Africa, Value Nature

Hosting the Lubombo Biosphere from Eswatini

~ Marie-Tinka Uys, K2C COO

The K2C BR was honoured to be chosen by the Lubombo Biosphere Reserve (LBR) for a learning exchange from 4-9 September 2023. The LBR was ratified in 2019 by UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere Programme.

Group from Lubombo Biosphere hosted by the K2C

It is the first biosphere reserve in the Kingdom of Eswatini. The country is landlocked, bounded by South Africa in the North, West and South and by Mozambique on the East. The Lubombo region is the largest of the four administrative regions of Eswatini, it represents 34.24% of the country area. The region however has the second smallest population in the country. It has a high biodiversity including a few important populations of globally threatened species, such as the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). Economic activities in the region are mainly sugar cane growing and processing, with all country´s sugar mills based in the Lowveld part of the Lubombo, and this is the main contributor to the country’s GDP.

The key objective of the Learning Exchange is for Lubombo Biosphere to share some lessons with the K2C Biosphere and to learn as a young BR from the lessons of the development and coordination of the BR.

After an introduction workshop, which gave the visitors’ group an overview of MaB activities in the K2C BR, the Group met with the K2C’s Research Partners at Wits Rural Facility, visited Nourish, the Acorns to Oaks CSA Hub and experienced the K2C’s Southwest Communities’ Citizen Science and Cookstove Project uptake. An Exciting trip into the Kruger National Park facilitated by Jen Newenham explained linkages between Transfrontier Conservation, National Parks and the MaB programme.

The last day included a reflection session and the importance of Collective Impact before the visitors experienced the K2C BR integrated Demonstration Project at Phiring.

The Department of Fisheries, Forestry, and the Environment’s Mukhethwa Ntsieni remarked: “ DFFE is proud that we can showcase the K2C BR as an exceptional learning site within SADC!”


TASC Cookstove Video Competition

– By David Mpebe

The cookstove project ran a competition during the months of August and September 2023 with a first prize giveaway of R2,000.00, second prize of R1,250.00 and third prize of R750.00. The competition aimed at gratifying the stove beneficiaries who use their stoves frequently by giving them a platform to showcase how and what they cook with the stove.  The main targets were youth (but competition was not limited to) – the ones we struggle reaching at household levels when doing monitoring or facilitating community meetings. This group is hyowever often responsible for preparing meals at a household level. Social media is a platform that most youth are invigorated by and we decided to maximize the engagement by using the platform’s creative energy. The competitors were required to send through a three-minute video/clip of them using the cookstove. The clip had to  include the ignition of the stove, tips on fire maintenance, directives on meal preparation and safety measures to consider while cooking with the stove and them extinguishing the fire. These were the points they would be scored on.


From the entries received, the adjudicators from Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region (K2C) in association with The African Stove Company (TASC) monitoring team created a shortlist of 6 contenders with a total score of 80% of 100%. The criteria used to judge included safely and correctly igniting the stove, usage of the stove, creativity (voiceovers or any other visuals), and correctly extinguishing the fire. The 6 contenders were then publicized on social media (Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region Facebook page) for the public to cast their votes through liking the individual posts with a weight of 20% obtained from the public engaging with the posts . The public caused traffic on the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region Facebook page with the most liked video receiving 933 likes and 116 comments. The public votes and scoring from the panelists resulted in the prizes being distributed as follows:

  1. Flora Mashego – First prize winner!
  2. Kedibone Mafogo – Second prize winner!
  3. Candy Mogakane – Third Prize winner!

Winners of the cookstove video competition

Winners were announced on the 21st of September 2023 and the company has reached out to them for the prize money. Make sure to watch the videos on K2C’s social media plaforms. 

FUNDERS/PARTNERS: TASC and the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region

Dinkwanyane Water Smart Project, a Case Study for Corporative Governance!

~ By Reshoketswe Mafogo; DWS Project Manager

The Dinkwanyane Water Smart Project (DWS) is 1 in 35 projects globally, that was chosen by Jacob Torfing (professor of politics and public administration at Roskilde University, Denmark; and founder and director of the Roskilde School of Governance) to visit.  Jacob and his team of 3 (Eva Sørensen and Peter Kragelund) descended on the K2C landscape with the aim of identify the competing constellations of governance factors that enable the co-creation of green transitions in relation to the green UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), through a large-scale global research project on ‘Governing the green transition’(GOGREEN).

It was during this 10 day stay that the team from Denmark got to engage with multiple stakeholders of the project, relevant actors, and government entities such as LEDET, who also have an integral part to play in the projects’ implementation. This allowed for the combing through of the complex issues within the demonstration project, which require coordinated efforts and input from diverse perspectives.

The team visiting from Roskilde University, Denmark

As an agreed output for this process, the team of researchers will provide the DWS project with a detailed report of their findings from interviews and observations made. The implementing partners will be able to use this feedback to reflect and evaluate on the efforts of the project and also to build on to in order to ensure sustainability for the demonstration site, and other communities who will be using nature based solutions for ecosystem-based adaptation.

FUNDERS/PARTNERS: Conservation South Africa, Hoedspruit Hub, Government of Flanders, Roskilde University

New race and courses at K2C 2023

~By Lauren Booth, K2C Challenge

The 8th running of the Kruger2Canyon Challenge saw new additions to the race, making it more accessible to a range of runners’ abilities and provided a perfect alternative venue for the highly anticipated Stage 2, Bush Day.

Runners and organisers were treated to spectacular conditions over the three days from 30 June – 2 July 2023 that participants were in residence in the race village at Laerskool Mariepskop, Kampersrus, Limpopo

Day 1 sees trail runners shed blood, sweat and tears climbing Mariepskop Mountain, exploring this incredible floral hotspot that boasts many endemic plant and animal species. In running terms, the 42km course on day 1 (there is also a 26km option) is considered one of the hardest in the country, thanks to its 2800m of climbing and very technical terrain. There is also a 25km option and for the first time, a 16km route. Both still climb to the top of this section of the northern Drakensberg range, so there is no escaping the elevation gain, but the new shorter route option was very well received.

The enchanted forests of Mariepskop harbour many endemic plant species and wickedly tricky terrain for runners to navigate.

Day 2 has historically been a much more moderate day of running, and this year the route took participants through the scenic town of Kampersrus and into Moholoholo Mountain View, before returning through the town to the school fields. It also incorporated a 14km route option alongside the traditional 18km and 28km routes. The less technical and flatter running was welcomed after the brutal Day 1, and participants lapped up the tranquil bushveld and views from the base of Mariepskop and the surrounding koppies.

Day 2 took runners through Moholoholo Mountain View for the first time, flat terrain compared to the brutal climbing on Day 1 up Mariepskop.

Covering either 70km, 44km or 30km over the two days, the Kruger2Canyon Challenge is a unique way to experience the diversity of the area. Race partners, the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region once again played a critical role in the event logistics and hosting, as well as being a beneficiary of the race. Organiser Andrew Booth says “This race would not be possible without the tireless work from the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region, who manage and conserve this biodiverse area – an example of conservation through education, upliftment and engagement with stake-holders.”

While the emphasis at this event is on the challenge that it poses and the experience, the racing is always fierce up front. Nadia Jooste put in fantastic performances on both days and is the first lady to win the 70km Stage Race outright, with a combined time of 8:25:21 and 15min ahead of 1st man Ryan Hyde (8:40:15). The 44km Stage Race was won by Barry Baragwanath in 5:58:10 and 1st lady was Lindi-Jane Hawke in 6:11:45. The newly introduced 30km stage race was won by Mike Snyman in 3:50:02 and 1st lady (2nd overall) was Linda van Staden in 4:15:50.

30km Stage Race Results (Men):

1st Mike Snyman 3:50:02

2nd David Jones 4:15:57

3rd Brendon Longhurst 4:20:49


30km Stage Race Results (Women):

1st Linda van Staden 4:15:50

2nd Benita Coetzee 4:17:59

3rd Hendrina Helena Coetzer 4:21:09


44km Stage Race Results (Men):

1st Barry Baragwanath 5:58:10

2nd Darren Dunne 6:00:06

3rd Helgard Redelinghuys 6:05:54


44km Stage Race Results (Women):

1st Lindi-Jane Hawke 6:11:45

2nd Ashleigh Baker 6:14:12

3rd Nicole Fiolet 6:36:20


70km Stage Race Results (Men):

1st Ryan Hyde 8:40:15

2nd Richard Osborne 8:50:47

3rd David Rose 9:08:06


70km Stage Race Results (Women):

1st Nadia Jooste 8:25:21

2nd Karine Bezuidenhout 9:26:35

3rd Kate Mapham 9:27:00

Outright race winner, Nadia Jooste, took the technical terrain of K2C on Day 1 (42km) in her stride.

Full results on

The dates for 2024 have already been set for 5 – 7 July 2024, and the organisers look forward to building this trail race into an even bigger event within the local community.

BA-Dinkwenyane Tourism Association - Mametja Traditional Authority Learning Exchange in Phiring Village

~ By Maluleke Thembani, Groen Sebenza Intern

On the 31st of August 2023, BA-Dinkwenyane Tourism Association (BTA) hosted Mametja Traditional Authority for a learning exchange in Phiring village under Ba-Dinkwenyane Tribal Authority.  This was an opportunity for Mametja community members to learn from how the BTA  established themselves and are managing their tourist attraction sites, as they are intending on developing Maburuburung Attraction Site in Finale village under Mametja Tribal Authority.

Sethunyeng and Maburuburung have much in common, they both have waterfalls and perennial rivers which they can develop into eco-tourism attractions with hiking trails. The learning exchange started at Gun Rock (Sethunyeng), a beautiful natural site near Phiring Village.  

Community learning exchanges are particularly useful in the rural context, where communities in different and geographically dispersed locations, face similar challenges and opportunities. Having tourist attractions is an opportunity for the community to create jobs which will help in eradicating poverty. The lessons shared include their  operations, their challenges, and successes, how they handle their internal conflicts & finances and their relationship with the Triditional Authority. Lastly, they shared how they formed their committee structures as well as  sub-structures comprising of infrastructure, safety and waste management. They also learned about the eco-friendly agricultural practices (agroecology and indigenous farming) taking place in Phiring through their water smart projects. Finale Village lies on the banks of the Olifants River which flows all year round. Should the community wish to venture into smart agriculture they have resources available to them to do so. 

On the hiking trail to Gun Rock/Sethunyeng. A tourist attraction in Phiring Village.

In conclusion when people within a community feel they belong and that their contribution matters, they are likely to contribute to sustainable public decisions and improve the livelihoods of their local community.